The US Government Accountability Office (GAO) has released a draft report summarizing the progress government agencies have made in the implementation of information security polices and practices under the Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 (FISMA).
6 years after FISMA was enacted, the GAO reports that poor information security is still a widespread issue in the Federal government. In the 2008 performance and accountability reports, 20 out of 24 major agencies noted that information system controls over their financial systems and information were either a "significant deficiency" or a "material weakness."
The GAO summary notes that:
Over the last several years, most agencies have not implemented controls to sufficiently prevent, limit, or detect access to computer networks, systems, or information. An underlying cause for information security weaknesses identified at federal agencies is that they have not yet fully or effectively implemented key elements for an agencywide information security program, as required by FISMA.
23 out of 24 agencies were found to have weaknesses in their agencywide information security programs in 2008. Although agencies reported an increased compliance in implementing security controls in 2008, the GAO notes that there are shortcomings with implementing key control activities for the year.
For fiscal year 2008 reporting, agencies reported higher levels of FISMA implementation for most information security metrics and lower levels for others. Increases were reported in the number and percentage of employees and contractors receiving security awareness training, the number and percentage of systems with tested contingency plans, and the number and percentage of systems that were certified and accredited. However, the number and percentage of employees who had significant security responsibilities and had received specialized training decreased significantly and the number and percentage of systems that had been tested and evaluated at least annually decreased slightly.
The GAO recommends that current reporting requirements change in order that inspector generals be required to report on the agencies' effectiveness of activities, which would help determine if agencies are effectively implementing their policies, procedures and practices. The full list of GAO recommendations can be found in this PDF.